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HomeScience & EnvironmentNew species of wood-boring, deep-sea mollusc present in Arabian sea

New species of wood-boring, deep-sea mollusc present in Arabian sea

Discovery of species, named Xylophaga nandani, by crew of researchers from Kerala and Brazil

A crew of researchers from Kerala and Brazil have recognized a brand new species of a uncommon, deep-sea mollusc belonging to the household Xylophagaidae from the jap Arabian Sea.

The wood-boring, tiny mollusc species has been named Xylophaga nandani after Prof. Bijoy Nandan, dean, school of Marine Sciences, Cochin College of Science and Expertise (CUSAT).

The invention can also be important in that that is the primary time {that a} member of the genus Xylophaga is being recorded from the Arabian Sea, in accordance with the researchers.

A paper on the findings by Jayachandran P. R. and Jima M. from the Division of Marine Biology, Microbiology and Biochemistry, CUSAT, and Marcel Velasquez from the College of Sao Paulo, Brazil, has been revealed within the scientific journal Marine Biodiversity.

The mollusc was noticed off the Karwar coast. Specimens of Xylophaga nandani analysed by the crew are tiny – with shell valve size of round 2.2 mm. It’s fairly potential that they’re juveniles, Dr. Jayachandran mentioned.

Family members Xylophagaidae are deep-sea dwellers, their presence recorded even at depths of seven,000 metres. Generally discovered on wooden that plunge to nice depths, hardly ever they’re additionally discovered on wooden drifting on the ocean.

As such, a lot of their life-style habits stay a thriller. Nonetheless, what is thought is that they use their shells to chop wooden into tiny grains and use it as a supply of power. ”The phrase ‘xylophaga’ itself denotes ‘wooden consuming’,” mentioned Dr. Jayachandran.

They’re additionally shut relations to family members Teredinidae, a standard species of wood-boring clams (shipworms) present in coastal waters.

Specimens of the newly recognized species are saved on the Marine Biology Museum at CUSAT.

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