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55 Yrs After Independence, Barbados Will Be Republic, To Take away Britain Queen As Head Of State

New Delhi: Barbados, the tiny island nation within the Caribbean area of North America, bought independence from British rule in 1966. The free nation, nonetheless, nonetheless has Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state.

However that’s going to alter this November 29. On the eve of the fifty fifth anniversary of its independence, Barbados is about to sever its final remaining imperial bonds with the UK. Queen Elizabeth will stop to be the pinnacle of state of the previous British colony from that day, and Barbados will get its personal president, and develop into the most recent republic on the earth. 

This might be a historic second for Barbados, ending “the story of colonial exploitation of the mind and body”, Barbadian historian Professor Sir Hilary Beckles stated whereas talking to information company Reuters.

The tiny island within the Lesser Antilles of West Indies has been tied to England for 400 years — for the reason that first English ship arrived there in 1625 and claimed it for King James I. 

Elizabeth II continues to be the queen of 16 nations, together with Australia, Canada and Jamaica. Barbados’ transfer to take away her as the pinnacle of state is the primary in practically 30 years. The final former British colony to declare itself a republic was Mauritius, which put in its personal president as head of state in 1992.

Buckingham Palace has stated the problem is “a matter for the people of Barbados”, in keeping with the Reuters report.

The republican celebrations will happen within the capital, Bridgetown. Prince Charles, inheritor to the British throne, might be travelling to the island nation to attend the ceremonies.

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Historical past Of Barbados

Barbados was stated to be unpopulated when the English first arrived. 

In keeping with Britannica.com, not a lot is thought in regards to the island’s prehistory however archaeological data present folks from northern South America might need settled it in 1600 BCE. Spaniards visited Barbados within the early sixteenth century, and the island’s first contact with Europeans might have occurred solely then. 

Between round 500 and 1500 CE, Arawak and Carib Indians could have lived on the island and known as it Ichirouganaim, however after Portuguese explorers got here to the island, they named it Barbados, which suggests ‘Bearded Ones’, “either for bearded fig trees or bearded men” discovered there, Britannica says.

It’s believed that the island bought depopulated after repeated slave raids by the Spanish compelled the islanders to flee.

After claiming the island, the British began plantations of tobacco, cotton, indigo and sugar. Whereas they initially used White servants for labour, practically 6 lakh enslaved Africans had been dropped at Barbados between 1627 and 1833, who labored on the plantations.

Barbados was stated to be Britain’s first really worthwhile slave society, incomes fortunes for the English homeowners.

These plantation homeowners had appreciable financial and political energy, a lot in order that their reign continued till greater than half of the twentieth Century. Barbados was granted freedom manner again in 1838, nevertheless it attained full independence solely in 1966.

Barbados, The Republic 

Like Mauritius, an island within the Indian Ocean that proclaimed itself a republic however stayed inside the Commonwealth, Barbados may even stay a part of the affiliation of 54 nations, principally former British colonies, headed by the British queen.

In keeping with experiences, Jamaica and some different realms throughout the Caribbean area are additionally speaking of changing into a republic.

“This will have consequences particularly within the English-speaking Caribbean,” Richard Drayton, a professor of imperial and international historical past at Kings School, London, instructed Reuters.

The republic of Barbados might be declared at a ceremony on Monday, November 29, on the Nationwide Heroes Sq. in Bridgetown.

“The time has come to fully leave our colonial past behind,” Prime Minister Mia Mottley had stated in 2020. Governor Normal Sandra Mason is more likely to develop into Barbados’ head of state after being elected president, Reuters reported.

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