NEW DELHI: Final 12 months was the fifth warmest for India within the final 121 years – after 2016, 2009, 2017 and 2010 – in response to the Annual Local weather Assertion 2021 launched by the India Meteorological Division (IMD) on Friday. The revelation comes within the backdrop of an intensifying international struggle in opposition to the continued local weather disaster.
The imply air temperature in 2021 was 0.44 levels Celsius above regular, says the IMD report. In 2016, the imply air temperature was 0.71°C larger than regular; 0.55°C in 2009; 0.54°C in 2017 and 0.53°C in 2010.
Within the 121 years between 1901 and final 12 months, the imply temperature rose by 0.63°C above regular.
IMD scientists mentioned a very warm winter and the post-monsoon season in 2021 led to the rise in imply temperature final 12 months.
Within the winter months of January and February final 12 months, the seasonal imply temperature was 0.78°C above regular and in the course of the publish monsoon season, between October and December, the imply temperature was 0.42°C larger than regular.
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Additionally, the nation final 12 months witnessed an increase within the annual rainfall, which was 105% of its long-period common (LPA). Rainfall in the course of the southwest monsoon season, from June to September, was regular at 99% of the LPA. Notably, the northeast monsoon interval noticed rainfall at 171% of the LPA – file highest since 1901.
Heavy rainfall and flood-related incidents claimed over 750 lives final 12 months, whereas thunderstorms and lightning killed at the very least 780 individuals in several elements of the nation, the IMD information reveals.
There have been 5 cyclonic storms in 2021 – Tauktae over the Arabian Sea (Might 14-19); Yaas over the Bay of Bengal (Might 23-28); Shaheen over the Arabian Sea (September 29-October 4); Gulab over the Bay of Bengal (September 24-28) and most just lately, Jawad over the Bay of Bengal (December 2-6). Probably the most devastating of them was Tauktae, which slammed the Saurashtra shoreline on Might 17, ultimately claiming at the very least 144 lives.
On Thursday, Nasa and the US Nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) launched analyses of worldwide climate station and ocean measurements that confirmed the final eight years had been the most well liked in international information that date to 1880, with 2021 rating because the sixth-hottest 12 months.